Prostate cancer develops slowly so there may be no signs you have it for many years.
BBC Breakfast presenter Bill Turnbull, 62, was diagnosed with the cancer in November, and the disease has now spread to his legs, hips, pelvis and ribs, according to his co-star Sian Williams.
Alongside Bill raising awareness for the disease, Dr Chris, 72, spoke on This Morning to stress the important of getting tested, and who is most at risk of the cancer.
Dr Chris says men over the age of 50 should absolutely go have the PSA test.
He added: “Men who are black or have a family history of it should get the PSA test done from 45.”
While PSA tests are not 100 per cent reliable, they are recommended by medical professionals.
The PSA test can find aggressive prostate cancer that needs treatment, according to the NHS, but it can also find slow-growing cancer that may never cause symptoms or shorten life.
What happens during a PSA test?
Prostate Cancer UK states you can have a prostate specific antigen (PSA) test if you’re over 50 and you’ve talked through the advantages and disadvantages with your GP or practice nurse.
It adds: “If you’re over 45 and have a higher risk of prostate cancer, for example if you’re black or you have a family history of it, you might want to talk to your GP about having a PSA test.”
If you decide to have a PSA test, your GP or practice nurse will take a sample of your blood and send it to a laboratory to be tested.
The amount of PSA in your blood is measured in nanogram (a billionth of a gram) per millilitre of blood (ng/ml).
Your GP may also do a digital rectal examination, also known as a physical prostate exam, and a urine test to rule out a urine infection.
Prostate cancer does not normally cause symptoms until the cancer has grown large enough to put pressure on the urethra.
When this happens symptoms can include:
- Needing to urinate more frequently, often during the night
- Needing to rush to the toilet
- Difficulty in starting to pee (hesitancy)
- Straining or taking a long time while urinating
- Weak flow
- Feeling that your bladder has not emptied fully
Did Bill Turnbull have a PSA test?