Data from NHS Digital showed there were 2,143 heart bypass operations in 2017 – up from 1,376 in 2013.
And there were 8,436 heart stent operations to unblock arteries – mainly blocked due to poor diet – which was almost double the figure of 4,498 four years earlier.
Among the 10,579 patients were some aged in their 20s and 30s.
Junk food and diets heavy in fat and sugar are blamed for the rise in obesity, with a quarter of all adults now classified as very overweight. The NHS spends £5.1billion a year treating people with health conditions linked to their weight problems.
There were also 14,374 hip operations on obese people as well as 22,998 knee replacements.
Thousands more hospital admissions were recorded for very overweight people last year.
They included 13,505 admissions for gallstones, 24,032 for osteoarthritis of the knee, 9,449 suffering chest pains and 13,322 with osteoarthritis of the hip.
Professor Mary Fewtrell at the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health said: “The figures from NHS Digital need careful interpretation, however they are yet another reminder of the firm grip obesity has on the UK.
“It is not only associated with a catalogue of health problems for the individual but also costs the NHS £5.1billion every year.
“If we are to remove this financial burden, we need to start fighting obesity much earlier.
“That fight must begin in childhood.”
She added: “Children are bombarded with messages linked to junk food every day: on television, online, at public events and on their way to school.
“Governments must show they take this issue seriously by banning junk food marketing on television and online before the 9pm watershed. They must stop allowing unhealthy brands sponsoring big events and they must prevent new fast food restaurants opening in close proximity to schools.
“Only by doing so will we start to see a reverse in this worrying trend.”
Tam Fry, a spokesman at the National Obesity Forum, said: “Heart disease is the second most common disease triggered by obesity and a combination of high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
“These statistics tragically underline just how bad is the state of the country’s health and come within a week of two studies confirming that the UK is also the fattest in Europe.”