As the global order developed over time, it became almost predictable that nations were putting in place a system that could ensure world peace. World leaders were aware that lasting peace was only possible if all humans enjoyed equal protection and rights from the domestic and international fronts. As humankind hopes for a global order that demands respect for human dignity, there is also a hope that international checks and balances will serve as a safeguard to balance smaller states’ rights against the ever-growing power of developed nations.
For such a reason, the United States President Harry Truman had, in 1945, referred to the United Nations (UN) as a solid structure with which the World could get better; he also cautioned his contemporaries against the selfish use of the structure to the advantage of one nation. Several years later, we all are testaments to the fact that the 1945 San Francisco Conference, which birthed the UN, planted a seed for the emergence of a global police force epitomized in the UN Security Council (UNSC). Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter mandates the UNSC to determine the existence of any threat to the peace and to take military and nonmilitary action to restore international peace and security.
The broader discretion to identify threats to the peace and determine mitigative efforts is exercised by only five of the 193 UN member countries, including the United States of America, China, Russia, France, and Great Britain.