Voting will take place in all European Union member states between May 23 and 26. While the British Government had hoped the UK would not stand in these European elections, the numerous delays to Brexit mean voters will head to the polls on Thursday, May 23. Results will begin coming in on Sunday night after the final polls have closed.
HOW IS THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT FORMED?
The European Parliament is made up of 751 seats in total.
Each of the 28 EU countries is allocated a set number of seats, roughly depending on the size of its population (the UK has 73).
MEPs are elected to fill these seats using the d’Hondt method of proportional representation, which sees seats awarded to parties in proportion to the number of votes they win.
Once in the European Parliament, MEPs sit in one of eight political alliances within the Parliament, aligned with those who share a similar political affiliation.
READ MORE: Can you vote tactically in the European elections? How?
These political groups are:
1: European People’s Party (EPP) – 216 MEPs currently
2: Progressive Alliance of Socialists & Democrats (S&D) – 187 MEPs currently
3: European Conservatives & Reformists (ECR) – 77 MEPs currently
4: Alliance of Liberals & Democrats for Europe (ALDE) – 69 MEPs currently
5: European United Left/Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) – 52 MEPs currently
6: Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) – 52 MEPs currently
7: Europe of Freedom & Direct Democracy (EFDD) – 42 MEPs currently
8: Europe of Nations & Freedom (ENF) – 36 MEPs currently
There are also 20 non-affiliated MEPs, taking the total to 751.
To project how the new European Parliament is going to look, Politico has taken all available polls across the EU.
The results, visible in the graphic below, show the centre-right EPP holding their spot as the biggest grouping.
HOW IS THE UK EXPECTED TO VOTE?
The projections show the UK seats to be the following:
Brexit Party: 25 seats
Labour: 15 seats
Lib Dems: 12 seats
Conservatives: 7 seats
Greens: 5 seats
SNP: 3 seats
ChangeUK: 1 seat
UKIP: 1 seat
Plaid Cymru: 1 seat
Sinn Fein: 1 seat
DUP: 1 seat
UUP: 1 seat
You can see the political grouping each of the above will belong to by checking the colour against the projection graphic above.
WHEN ARE OTHER COUNTRIES VOTING?
May 23: Netherlands, UK
May 24: Ireland, Czech Republic (which has two-day voting also on 25 May)
May 25: Latvia, Malta, Slovakia
May 26: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden
READ MORE: How do you know if you’re registered to vote? Is it too late?