Diabetes is a condition that impacts a person’s blood sugar levels, and there are two main types – type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 diabetes is where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin.
If you’re diagnosed with the condition it’s important to follow a healthy a lifestyle as you can. This may help to control your glucose level, and also reduce your risk of developing complications.
Regular exercise and stopping smoking are recommended by Bupa.
The healthcare group says you should also make these diet changes:
- Eat a healthy, balanced diet and take regular exercise, as recommended by your doctor or diabetes specialist nurse.
- Only drink alcohol in moderation and stick within the recommended limits.
- Aim to maintain a healthy weight.
If the condition is left untreated, a number of other health problems can follow, so it’s important to recognise all the signs.
The NHS outlines seven symptoms:
- Urinating more often than usual, particularly at night
- Feeling very thirsty
- Feeling very tired
- Unexplained weight loss
- Itching around the penis or vagina, or frequent episodes of thrush
- Cuts or wounds that heal slowly
- Blurred vision – caused by the lens of the eye becoming dry
While the signs and symptoms aren’t always obvious, diabetes can often be diagnosed during a routine check-up.
If you think you have diabetes, see your GP as soon as possible.
Early diagnosis and treatment for type 2 diabetes is very important as it may reduce the risk of developing complications later on.
What complications can arise from untreated diabetes?