Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK and because it develops slowly there may be no signs you have it in the early stages.
Symptoms often become apparent when your prostate is large enough to affect the tube that carries urine form the bladder to the penis – the urethra.
While most prostate tumours are slow-growing, they can sometimes grow quickly and spread to other parts of the body, causing different types of symptoms.
It’s important to get regularly tested for prostate cancer if you’re a male over the age of 50, but in the meantime, there are certain foods you can add to your diet to help boost prostate health.
Broccoli is a vegetable that contains many complex compounds that could can help protect some people from cancer, according to studies.
Research has suggested there’s a link between the amount of cruciferous vegetables you eat and your prostate cancer risk.
While the reasons why are still unclear, researchers propose that one of the phytochemical found in these vegetables, called sulforaphane, selectively targets and kills cancer cells while leaving normal prostate cells healthy and unaffected.
Cruciferous vegetables refers to plants in the cabbage family.
Other cruciferous vegetables include cauliflower, cabbage, bok chop and Brussels sprouts.
Healthline suggests how you can add more broccoli to your diet.
It says: “You can put broccoli in stir-fries, soups and salads, or you can eat it on its own with some dip.
“If you worry about fresh vegetables going bad, consider buying frozen broccoli that you can cook whenever you have the time.”
Eating tomatoes can also help to prevent prostate cancer, according to Japanese scientists.
The fruit contains lycopene, an antioxidant that could lower mens’ risk of the disease, they claimed.
“Tomatoes contain a powerful antioxidant called lycopene,” said medical website Healthline.
“It may help prevent prostate cancer as well as reduce tumour growth among men with prostate cancer.
“But because lycopene is tightly bound to cell walls, our bodies have a difficult time extracting it from raw tomatoes.
“Cooked or pureed tomato products may be better options.”
How can you test for prostate cancer?