An indulgent festive season is likely to make our waistlines feel tight, however excesses can also show in our complexions too.
A poor diet can be responsible for a number of skin concerns, including spots, wrinkles and puffy cheeks.
Too much sugar alcohol, gluten and dairy can cause gut inflammation which shows on our faces.
This is what your complexion is telling you, and how you can use make-up and skin care to disguise it.
Overdone the wine
If you have wrinkles under the eyes, lines or spots between the brows, dehydrated skin and a reddish skin tone you may have had one glass of Pinot Grigio too many.
Too much alcohol can damage our intestine which lets toxins from our gut bacteria get into the liver and can in turn lead to inflammation and scarring, according to Drinkaware.
In the first instance, if your head is throbbing, eating eggs for breakfast can ease the effects of a hangover.
Then help return your skin to normal by snacking on walnuts for the rest of the day.
A study by American Chemical Society found that the nuts are packed with antioxidants which can help rejuvenate your complexion, while Ohio State University showed they contain omega-3 fatty acids which can slow the effect of ageing.
To cover up the effects of too much drinking, Francesca Neill, celebrity make-up artist for COLLECTION, recommended: “Try using cream liner on the inside waterline of the eye helps to conceal any redness around the eye which is often a giveaway of too much wine.
“I would then recommend using a really good hydrating moisturiser and foundation as alcohol dehydrates the skin so you have to compensate for the loss of moisture in the skin the next day.
Too much sugar
Excessive amounts of chocolate and mince pies could leave your complexion gaunt and with a dark greyish hue. Additionally there may be sagging under the eyes and spots all over the face.
Not only does a diet high in sugar increase blood pressure, but it can trigger the liver to dump harmful fats into the bloodstream, raising heart disease risk.
Add spinach, broccoli and potatoes into your diet to help regulate high blood sugar levels.
According to the University of Maryland they contain alpha-lipoic acid which helps turn glucose into energy and could lower blood sugar levels.
Need to cut down on gluten
Gluten are proteins found in wheat, rye and barley, and consuming lots of bread and other carbs over the Christmas period could cause red, puffy cheeks, puffy jowls, spots on the forehead and darkened patches on the chin.
People who are intolerant to gluten, because they have coeliac’s disease, will experience symptoms such as diarrhoea, stomach pain and vomiting.
However, there is now evidence to suggest some people have what is known as non-coeliac wheat sensitivity.
But reducing or ditching gluten doesn’t mean going without carbohydrates – amaranth, buckwheat, rice, quinoa and millet are all examples of non-gluten grains.
“Puffiness is always a hard one to disguise with make-up, so before you get into your make-up routine I would recommend holding an ice pack or ice cubes to the eye area as this really helps to de-puff the eye area,” advised Neill.
“The same can be done with cucumber which also really refreshes the eye area.”
Milk, cheese and yoghurt are examples of dairy which can cause darkness under the eyes, under-eye bags, widespread spots, and spots around the chin.
In addition to affecting your complexion, in 75 per cent of people with lactose intolerance it triggers digestive problems too.
It could be a good idea to reduce it in your diet. The American Academy of Dermatology has said: “Dairy does appear to be weakly associated with acne, with the strongest association being skim milk.”
Jenkins suggested: “Do not pick or touch blemishes as you will cause redness and inflammation.”
“Treat first with an anti-bacterial product like Dr Organic’s Skin Clear Spot Treatment Gel.
“To cover the blemishes, avoid applying thick heavy make-up, instead apply a light foundation and then use a good coverage concealer to cover blemishes.”