Diabetes type 2 tends to occur in later life, and happens due to problems with the hormone insulin.
Symptoms of the condition appear when the body is having problems regulating its blood sugar levels, and can include frequently needing to urinate, unexplained weight loss and tiredness.
There are other types of diabetes, such as diabetes type 1, that develop earlier in life.
If you have diabetes, it is important to seek treatment to help control your blood sugar level.
Having a high level can cause complications which may lead to a shorter lifespan.
Pupa health lists seven “complications” of diabetes type 2 which may reduce your lifespan.
“If you don’t have good control of your blood glucose level, it may become too high,” warns the healthcare provider.
“Mid hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar levels) doesn’t usually cause nay symptoms, but you may find that you’re thirstier than usual, pass urine more often and feel tired as your blood glucose level continues to rise.
“If your blood glucose isn’t controlled properly and stays too high, it can lead to a number of problems over the long term.”
Diabetes type 2 can lead to kidney failure, heart disease and stroke which can all reduce your lifespan.
It can also lead to nerve damage, “which can cause tingling or burning sensations.
“It can also cause you to lose your sense of touch or temperature altogether”, possibly cause blindness, and foot ulcers “which can lead to a foot or lower leg amputation”.
Diabetes type 2 may also cause persistent or regular infections, which could be life threatening.
Heart disease and stroke are considered to be among the top five killers in the UK, according to the Government report ‘Living Well for Longer’.
“Experts say most cases of premature death from heart disease are completely preventable,” adds the NHS.
Bupa also warns that in this hot weather it is possible to become dehydrated, causing your blood glucose to rise rapidly.
“This can lead to a condition called hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic state,” it says. “If this happens, you may become very dehydrated and lose consciousness. Although the risk of this condition is low, it’s a medical emergency and you’ll need to be treated in hospital.”
Losing weight may be a good way to not only get your type 2 diabetes under control, but also reverse it, according to diabetes.co.uk
“With time and dedication, type 2 diabetes can be reversed and the results can be very rewarding, with less tiredness and better all-round health,” says the advice provider on its website.