Type 2 diabetes is caused by the body not producing enough insulin to function normally.
It could also be caused by cells not reacting to insulin, meaning glucose stays in the blood, and isn’t turned into energy.
The condition can lead to blindness, kidney failure and cardiovascular disease, if not properly controlled, according to the NHS.
But, you can prevent type 2 diabetes by making these simple lifestyle changes.
Eat a healthy, balanced diet
Eating more fruit and vegetables could lower your risk of type 2 diabetes, scientists have claimed.
Foods rich in hydrogenated fats, sugar and saturated fats could increase your risk of the condition.
Charity Diabetes UK said: “Having a healthy balanced diet can help reduce your risk of Type 2 diabetes.
“The good news is, looking at your food choices can make a big difference and help you take those first few steps to reduce your risk.”
Not getting enough sleep could increase your risk of diabetes.
If you’re feeling sleepy, you’re more likely to want fatty and sugary foods, Diabetes UK said.
Mindfulness meditation could help you to deal with everyday stress – a risk factor for diabetes.
Doing more exercise could also be the key to prevent developing the medical condition.
“Getting active and staying active will reduce your risk of getting Type 2 diabetes, and you’ll feel great too,” said Diabetes UK.
People who are overweight or obese are more at-risk of diabetes.
If you’re overweight, consider trying to eat a more healthy diet, or doing more exercise, to help you lose some pounds.
Every kilogram of weight you lose could lower your diabetes risk by 16 per cent, studies have claimed.
Smoking has been proven to be an independent risk-factor for diabetes, and increase the risk of complications for diabetic patients, according to Diabetes.co.uk.
“Smoking is also proven to be a risk factor for insulin resistance. Patients who are insulin resistant cannot use their bodily insulin properly.
Together with genetics and obesity, smoking is one of the risk factors for insulin resistance. Insulin resistance often leads to diabetes.”