Diabetes type 2 affects about 3.3 million people in the UK.
It’s caused by the pancreas not producing enough of the hormone insulin, or the body not reacting to insulin, according to the NHS.
Diabetes symptoms include blurred vision, having cuts that take longer to heal than normal, and feeling very tired.
Managing your blood sugar is very important, as diabetes patients are more likely to develop heart disease, strokes and kidney problems.
You could lower your risk of high blood sugar by following the ketogenic diet, according to Diabetes.co.uk.
The ketogenic diet is a very low-carb diet.
Patients typically eat about 30g of carbohydrate each day.
It encourages the body to get its energy from burning fat.
The diet plan could lower the body’s demand for insulin, which ultimately benefits diabetes patients, said Diabetes.co.uk.
“People on insulin will typically require smaller doses of insulin which leads to less risk of large dosing errors,” it said.
“The diet helps burn body fat and therefore has particular advantages for those looking to lose weight, including people with prediabetes or those otherwise at risk of type 2 diabetes.”
The diet is based on the understanding that carbohydrate is the macronutrient that raises blood sugar.
Limiting carbohydrates should then also prevent blood sugar spikes.
You could also lower your blood pressure, and increase the amount of ‘good’ cholesterol in your diet by following the ketogenic diet.
“Note that it is important that you speak to your doctor if you are considering following the diet as precautions may need to be taken before starting,” said Diabetes.co.uk.
A healthy diet and keeping active will help you to control your blood sugar, the NHS said.
There aren’t any foods that you should avoid, but you should limit the amount of sugar, fat and salt in your diet.
You should eat a wide range of foods, including fruit, vegetables, and some starchy foods.
You should speak to a GP or diabetes nurse before making any major diet changes.
If you struggle to change your diet, consider talking to a dietitian, the NHS added.