Diabetes type 2 is caused by the pancreas not producing enough of the hormone insulin, or the body not reacting to insulin, according to the NHS.
Without enough insulin, the body struggles to convert sugar in the blood into useable energy.
Maintaining a normal blood sugar is very important for diabetes patients, as they’re more likely to develop life-threatening conditions, including heart disease and strokes.
Diabetes symptoms include passing more urine than normal, blurred visions, and feeling more hungry than usual – especially after eating.
But, you could lower your risk of high blood sugar by eating more peas, a nutritionist has claimed.
Peas could help diabetes patients to control their blood sugar, according to nutritionist Dr Josh Axe.
They’re high in fibre, which helps to stabilise blood sugar; especially after eating carbohydrates, he said.
Peas also have a low glycaemic index and glycaemic load.
That means their sugars are released more slowly than other foods.
You could also top up on antioxidants by eating more peas, which may work as a natural anti-inflammatory, said medical website The Diabetes Council.
“The simple answer to the question ‘Should I include peas in my diabetes diet plan?’ is yes,” it said.
“Avoid the canned peas [with added sodium and possibly preservatives], though frozen peas should be fine.
“When you eat peas, you also eat the fibre.
“Fibre tends to slow down the absorption of the carbohydrates, so peas will not likely give that spike to your blood sugar.
“Fresh peas are always best, but they may have a short season, with many of the peas available either being frozen or shipped long distances. Look for peas with shiny, bright green pods that are firm to the touch.”
You could also lower your risk of high blood sugar by taking plenty of exercise, the NHS said.
Every UK adult should aim for at least 150 minutes of activity every week.
If you’re overweight, losing weight will make it easier for the body to control your blood sugar.
If you do decide to lose weight, you should do it slowly.
Aim for between 0.5 to 1kg every week.